Aesthetics can make a major difference in the curb appeal of your home, so decide which color will suit your home the best. Mahalo, Opi and Satu. It’s very lightweight which allows those using it to be able to machine and work with it easily. We'll slice through the five most common species so you can choose the cedar that best suits your project. It's significance extends beyond that, as its impact on Japanese culture is reflected by the fact that it is found planted at numerous scared sites throughout the country. We offer Western Red cedar, white cedar, or the most popular incense cedar, our log packages are typically delivered within 45 days of the order. As a result, the color of the board is blonder in nature than … • Incense Cedar and Western Red start out as different hues; Incense is not as red as the other. Today we are going to look at two of the most popular types of cedar, Western Red Cedar and Alaskan Yellow Cedar. Siding Installation Tips. Go with the red cedar! Others rely on it for lining closets or cigar humidors. Also known as Alaska cedar, this tree (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis) grows in the Pacific Northwest, from Alaska through British Columbia and into Oregon. For more related content, subscribe to our newsletter! Canoe builders use the wood to fashion their boats. Knots are common. Appreciate any input. Because of its relative consistency British … Brochure on the differences between Incense Cedar and Western Red Cedar. The lower cost, rot and insect resistant, and easy availability in all sizes, including large timbers, makes it an obvious choice for projects from decks to … In that case red cedar … The wood is light weight (21 lbs per cu ft or 335 kg/cu m) and so is weaker than red cedar by a considerable amount. Eastern White Cedar is a close relative of Western red cedar, genetically speaking. These are species that have not been planted on any significant scale but have demonstrated silvicultural characteristics in trial plots and have qualities suitable for forestry objectives to justify further testing and development. Within its range, Spanish cedar gets used for everything from furniture to windows and cabinetry. Note that this cost-benefit analysis would change if you were building a fence on the West Coast instead. Japanese Cedar is the national tree of Japan, where it is highly-prized for the scented, strong-but-lightweight timber it produces. Spanish cedar heartwood has a pinkish to reddish-brown tone that darkens over time. Go here for Western Red Cedar Fence Pickets.. Sources: Seek out hardwood dealers for lumber, home centers for closet lining. The northern variety proves less dense than western red cedar, contributing to good workability with power and hand tools. The Japanese red-cedar, otherwise called the "Japanese sugi pine" - known to the Japanese as Sugi - is a large evergreen tree which is native to Japan, can reach up to 70 m in height, and can reach trunk diameters of 4m. Though harder to obtain in the United States and Europe, Spanish cedar has become the wood of choice for lining cigar humidors because of its aromatic oils and moisture resistance. Because red cedar isn’t a lumber located near our area, you would end up paying a lot more for a red cedar fence because of the additional shipping costs. Can say for the western red cedar, but there is no “category” in the Sugi here in Japan. Japanese Red Cedar (Cryptomeria Japonica) is the national tree of … Because the Inland red cedar trees grow farther inland, are slower growing, and develop tighter fiber with small tight knots, the resultant log is a nice choice for narrow tight-knot boards and profiles. Odor: Has a distinct, lingering, cedar-like odor. If you like this type of look and feel for your home, western red cedar may be the best type of timber for your home. Historically, as the strongest of all the cedar products it has been the preferred wood for japanese architecture, building boats, railroad ties and fence posts (its heartwood has an in … Price: $7 per board foot (4/4, S2S stock). The reason I ask is that my wife is not excited with the somewhat orange like hue, although she is delighted with the grains and contrasts. Boatbuilders use it for decks, railings, and interior paneling. The lightweight wood bears straight grain and proves easy to machine and finish. The Eastern Red Cedar is much shorter overall than the Western Red Cedar, typically being between 16 to 66 feet tall (5 to 20 m) with a trunk between 12 to 39 inches (30 to 100 cm) in diameter. The wood is light weight (21 lbs per cu ft or 335 kg/cu m) and so is weaker than red cedar by a considerable amount. Red cedar has plicatic acid in it which makes it highly resistant to decay, while I cannot say the same about Japanese sugi, which is not that decay-resistant. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Red cedar has plicatic acid in it which makes it highly resistant to decay, while I cannot say the same about Japanese sugi, which is not that decay-resistant. Prices for instrument-grade wood run much higher. Most people refer to this wood as "aromatic cedar" because of its pungent natural oils, and use it to line closets and hope chests to ward off insects. The Japanese cedar or cryptomeria, meaning hidden parts, is a coniferous tree widespread within Japan. The sapwood is almost white, and knots are often present throughout the wood. However, the white cedar tree is much smaller and so the lumber is quite knotty, compared to the very clear lumber of red cedar. Known for their ri… Eastern White Cedar is a close relative of Western red cedar, genetically speaking. Western red cedar, unless stained a different color, will naturally have a yellowish tone, while redwood has a noticeably more reddish-brown hue (there’s a reason it’s called “redwood”). Cedar is more common in the West. All Rights Reserved. Each log species is harvested from dead standing timber and dried to just the right moisture content level to allow the logs to … Brochure on the differences between Incense Cedar and Western Red Cedar. The availability factor will depend on your region, but overall western red cedar is in much greater supply than California redwood. The trees may grow 200' tall with trunk diameters of 10'. There is less iron in the soil where IRC trees are grown. Japanese cedar fence panels from Oklahoma Lumber & Supply are hand-built 6' or 8' tall, 8' wide dog ear cedar stockade panels, constructed locally in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Price: $1.75 per board foot (4/4 S2S stock). Price: $3.50 per board foot (4/4, S2S stock). © 2020 Meredith Corporation. Little scientific data exists, however, to show the wood repels bugs effectively. Low density and light weight make it easy to cut and shape using hand or power tools. In the marketplace, western red cedar might be available unseasoned (or green), which means it hasn’t gone through a drying process—the moisture content of this wood could be up to 25 percent moisture. Allergies/Toxicity: Sugi sawdust has been reported to cause unspecified allergic reactions. In that case red cedar would be … The cedar is more stable than other species. $4 to $6 per board foot (clear 4/4 S2S stock). Western red cedar or giant red cedar (Thuja plicata) is native to the Pacific Northwest.In the eastern U.S. it is called western arborvitae and landscapers typically do not plant it. • Incense Cedar offers the highest insulation value, making it one of the most effective wood insulators. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is reported by the IUCN as being near threatened. Note that this cost-benefit analysis would change if you were building a fence on the West Coast instead. Common Uses: Siding, paneling, furniture, fences, boatbuilding, and small specialty items. It grows in southeastern Canada and the northeastern quarter of the U.S., south to Tennessee and west into Iowa. Cedar holds up better than Western Red. Western red cedar is the most common type of cedar. Japanese cedar (or Japanese sugi) is actually a species of Cryptomeria, while western red cedar is a Thuja, both completely different genera. Can someone tell me if I can expect a Sugi bedframe I am making to substantially darken if I don’t apply a finish? How can I keep my router bushing assembly in place? Redwood mulch has a stunning red color that may look great against your home and plants. Just beware of the knotty areas. Japanese red-cedar is categorised as a Plot-stage species. thanks. woodmagazine.com/woodprofiles, Aromatic Cedar: Myth or Mothbuster, woodmagazine.com/aromatic, Cedrus libani, the cedar of the Bible: woodmagazine.com/biblicalcedar, Build a mahogany and aromatic cedar blanket chest. How can one wood be so versatile? The wood tends to be brittle, tearing out without sharp cutters and backer boards. The wood has an aesthetically pleasing, straight-grain pattern; a pleasing fragrance and it naturally resists the damaging effects of moisture, insects and microorganisms. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. I would still also avoid oil-based finishes as they might contribute to darkening over time. The wood tends to be brittle, tearing out without sharp cutters and backer boards. Western red cedar predominantly grows in Canada and north America but it does also grow in Britain, in commercial quantities. Because red cedar isn’t a lumber located near our area, you would end up paying a lot more for a red cedar fence because of the additional shipping costs. Rot Resistance: Rated as moderately durable to durable; moderate insect/borer resistance. The cedar tree has been revered for its spiritual significance for thousands of years. Japanese Cedar is the national tree of Japan, where it is highly-prized for the scented, strong-but-lightweight timber it produces. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is typically reddish brown. These trees still line the path to the temple, and are considered some of the most stately and impressive displays of trees in all of Japan. Western Red Cedar is also known for their flared butt ends that offers a unique character to many log homes both inside and outside. A thin band of creamy white sapwood surrounds the wood's light brown heartwood, with knots often present. Canadian Western Red Cedar is a very stable and durable specie. Japanese Cedar Fence Pickets. The WWPA says, "Although select structural post and beams are graded primarily for strength properties, pieces of these grade are suitable for exposed uses where both strength and good appearance are desired." Sources: Luthier's supply companies, specialty hardwood dealers. Sugi is a commercially important softwood species within Japan, and is commercially grown for many construction purposes. They are all yellow or white cedars and actually are variations of the cypress species of tree. The wood machines beautifully, glues and stains well, and develops a satiny sheen. Comments: Sometimes called Japanese Cedar, the wood is in the Cupressaceae family, which includes many cedar-like species. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. It works easily with hand and power tools, but use a respirator and gloves if you experience rash and respiratory problems. The Japanese might use treated Japanese cedar fence posts, although I have never seen any either (having lived 8 years in Japan, traveling… Read more », is this particular cedar a good grade for fencing long term AND IS IT VERY DURABLE TO WEATHER CONDITIONS COMPARE TO WESTERN RED CEDAR, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Western red cedar (Thuja plicata) is a majestic conifer (a “cone-bearing” tree that has needlelike or scalelike foliage, usually evergreen) – and, I believe, the Pacific Northwest’s most important native tree.Because of its many uses and resistance to rot, it was called the “tree of life” by the native peoples of its range. Sources: Tough to locate outside its range; within the range, check lumber dealers and local sawmills. It’s also very thermally efficient and offers great thermal properties, meaning that it operates well in both hot and cold climates. Unlike the closely related western red cedar (Thuja plicata), northern white cedar is only a small or medium-sized tree, growing to a height of 15 m (49 ft) tall with a 0.9 m (3.0 ft) trunk diameter, exceptionally to 38 metres (125 ft) tall and 1.8 metres (5.9 ft) diameter. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. British Cedar is distributed across the UK in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. • Incense Cedar offers the highest insulation value, making it one of the most effective wood insulators. Instead, he proposed to plant a row of trees along the avenue which led to the temple where the shogun was buried. Grain/Texture: Grain is straight; medium, even texture. Even so the wood remains lightweight, giving it an impressive strength-to-weight ratio. Watch Now. Get … I was building a corner cabinet when I realized my workbench wasn’t quite wide enough for the... read more. It's because multiple varieties exist with different properties and uses. Sources: Find knotty grades in dimensional sizes at home centers and lumber yards; clear grades at hardwood dealers. The colouring of British WRC is paler, but more consistent, than its Canadian cousin. But they both weather to an appealing driftwood gray with a … Canoe builders use the wood to fashion their boats. Port Orford Cedar has earned a reputation for strength and decay-resistance. Western Red Cedar Tight Knot This #2 and better selected for appearance grade sample is a 6x18 Western Red Cedar beam we recently shipped. Choose polyurethane or lacquer for the best finishing results. The tree was thought to house important gods and to be an entrance to higher realms. And some woodworkers report rash and respiratory problems. This relative of mahoganies can grow to 100' tall. It is a handsome tree and only grows prettier with age, with the most striking feature being its pyramidal shape with dense branches, spreading in concentric circles. And we’re often asked about the difference between these 2 cousins. Native Americans used yellow cedar to produce ultralight, durable canoe paddles and many other useful items. Kiln-Dried vs. Air-Dried Western Red Cedar. Canadian western red cedar is a darker cedar, darker in colour and does include a … The northern variety proves less dense than western red cedar, contributing to good workability with power and hand tools. Eastern red cedar heartwood bears pinkish-red tones with an occasional purplish tinge and deep reddish-brown streaks. Installing Western Red Cedar Siding? Western Red Cedar is one of the most popular exterior species in use in North America these days. For more, visit the blog post: https://solutions.dunnlumber.com/projects/what-is-western-red-cedar. Re: aromatic cedar VS western red cedar Joseph it is not the moths that are the "eaters", just the maggots that do emerge if the moths lay eggs, the study I read says the moths will not do so if the scent from the aromatic cedar is strong enough, they don't propagate in that kind of environment. It's significance extends beyond that, as its impact on Japanese culture is reflected by the fact that it is found planted at numerous scared sites throughout the country. Both are beautiful in their own right, but if you’re planning to use a tinted stain or paint your deck or timbers you might want to go with cedar because it co… Japanese Cedar Fence Panels. If you are considering a custom home there are numerous decisions you have to make including what type of logs and timbers to build with? It serves as the national tree of Japan and is often planted around shrines and temples. These lighter colored cedars do not have tanins like western red cedar but instead rely on their resinous character for protection from bugs, rot and decay. Other Information On Japanese Red Cedar Widely cultivated as an ornamental tree, it can be found in Japan, Azores Islands, China, Britain, Europe, North America, and regions of Nepal and India. In addition to the wood, the pollen of the tree is also known to be highly allergenic in Japan. Trees grow 50' tall with 2'-diameter trunks. It is also lightweight and durable. Builders of lightweight racing boats fashion the wood into sleekly curved hulls. If you don’t particularly like this look you can still use red cedar without flared ends. However, the white cedar tree is much smaller and so the lumber is quite knotty, compared to the very clear lumber of red cedar. Its wood was used for the doors of sacred temples and burned in cleansing ceremonies for purification. Moderate natural luster. Pricing/Availability: Not widely imported, Sugi is generally available in Asia as siding or other light construction purposes, as well as veneer. Producing almost 1 billion board feet a year, cedar is easily accessible anywhere in the country. In the marketplace, western red cedar might be available unseasoned (or green), which means it hasn’t gone through a drying process—the moisture content of this wood could be up to 25 percent moisture. Today, makers of stringed musical instruments prize the wood because of its excellent sound quality. But they both weather to an appealing driftwood gray with a … Cedar is a very stable wood. Nonetheless, pencil makers prefer the wood, as do producers of souvenir wooden novelties. Japan Western Red Cedar Import from Canada has a wide range of characteristics that made it an import of choice in Japan. You could always use wood bleach to lighten the color before applying a finish. Knots prove prevalent in lower grades, though "clear" grades are available. The heartwood of this species bears a consistent reddish-brown tone, sometimes tinged with pink. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Most of its thin white sapwood (which has little decay resistance) gets milled away during lumber processing. Though the trees are extensively (and sustainably) grown on plantations, the natural stands where the tree grows are fragmented and small, and not easily distinguished from the plantations which grow the same species. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! About Contact Open Collection Buy Install Share Download. British western red cedar has a pink to amber colouring with frequent dark knots. The sole hardwood and only import of this group, Spanish cedar (Cedrela oderata) grows natively in Central and South America, and has been planted in Florida. Western Red Cedar: This species of lumber is best for any type of board or picket fence – as long as the bottom of the fence is not continually touching the ground. Western red cedar was first collected by the surgeon-naturalist Archibald Menzies while on the George Vancouver expedition in 1792 near Nootka Sound. Price: $6.50 to $7 per board foot (4/4 S2S stock). The Western Red Cedar is also quite long-lived, with some members of … Yellow cedar ranges in color from creamy white to sulfur yellow, with occasional dark streaks. Workability: Generally easy to work with hand or machine tools, though knotty areas can be troublesome. However, the pickets are thinner and less sturdy than Western Red … On the other hand, cedar chips are browner in color. 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