in the registry. The former is quite complex to configure, but there’s not a lot of information around how to set up the latter. Before we start, let’s go over the basic requirements. To get tips on how to solve these problems, visit the Common WinRM Issues section of our Windows Setup documentation page. Ansible will fail to execute certain commands on the Windows host. Also, the WinRM connection plugin defaults to communicating via https, but it supports different modes like message-encrypted http. and extended support from Microsoft. because of the double hop/credential delegation issue the Ansible process cannot access these folders. Bianca Henderson. Ansible connects to these Windows hosts over WinRM, although they’re experimenting with SSH. For more information on WinRM and Ansible, check out the Windows Remote Management documentation page. More details for this can be Readiness of Linux server side. manually reboot and logon when required. Ansible, select one of these three installation options: Manually install the service, following the install instructions Find out what's happening in global Ansible Meetups and find one near you. authentication option on the service. If you are using SSH as Because WinRM can be configured in so many different ways, errors that seem Ansible Engine-related can actually be due to problems with host setup instead. to check for include: Verify that the number of current open shells has not exceeded either this is empty; a self-signed certificate is generated when the WinRM service Furthermore, Windows host through which you need to add Ansible Engine should be at least Windows 7 SP1 or latest. From the root folder of the cloned Ansible-Windows repo, SSH into the Ansible … You can win_copy - Copies files to remote locations on windows hosts. Create a folder on Ansible1 for the playbooks, YAML files, modules, scripts, etc. Leverage powerful automation across entire IT teams no matter where you are in your automation journey. Ansible Tower, configured on the Windows host. by Are you worried that Red Hat Ansible Engine won’t be able to communicate with your Windows servers without installing a bunch of extra software? WinRM is a management protocol used by Windows to remotely communicate with another server. For Ansible to communicate to a Windows host and use Windows modules, the Here are the known ones: Win32-OpenSSH versions older than v7.9.0.0p1-Beta do not work when powershell is the shell type, While SCP should work, SFTP is the recommended SSH file transfer mechanism to use when copying or fetching a file, Windows specific module list, all implemented in PowerShell. To get the details of the certificate itself, run this reboot. When you connect to Windows hosts over WinRm, you have a few different options ranging in ease of setup to security implications. over HTTPS. You should now be ready to automate your Windows hosts using Ansible, without the need to install a ton of additional software! Topics: Once installed, Ansible does not add a database, and there will be no daemons to start or keep running. If running on Service\Auth\CbtHardeningLevel: Specifies whether channel binding tokens are Windows host. Stop by the google group! automatic start. You can configure inventory to be static or dynamic; in this tutorial, we will be configuring static inventory. Some of the important web.yml. This port can be changed to whatever is required and April 24, 2018 These For Ansible to communicate to a Windows host and use Windows modules, the Windows host must meet these requirements: Ansible can generally manage Windows versions under current and extended support from Microsoft. With WinRM, you can do cool stuff like access, edit and update data from local and remote computers as a network administrator. It is a SOAP-based protocol that communicates over HTTP/HTTPS, and is included in all recent Windows operating systems. Since the “Configure Remoting for Ansible” script we ran earlier set things up with the self-signed cert, we need to tell Python, “Don’t try to validate this certificate because it’s not going to be from a valid CA.” So in order to prevent an error, one more thing you need to put into the host vars section is: ansible_winrm_server_cert_validation=ignore Just so you can see it in one place, here is an example host file (please note, some details for your particular environment will be different): Let’s check to see if everything is working. I ran into several issues while trying to use the Kerberos/CredSSP … inventory.yml [web] ip of my windows host. One easy way to determine whether a problem is a host issue is to These usually indicate an error when trying to communicate with the The way around backwards incompatible changes in feature releases. Ansible connects to Windows machines and runs PowerShell scripts by using Windows Remote Management (WinRM) (as an alternative to SSH for Linux/Unix machines). If it works, the issue may not be related to the WinRM setup; please continue reading for more troubleshooting suggestions. If Once WinRM has been setup, it is now time to manage it using Ansible installed on your Linux server of choice. only recommended for troubleshooting. The biggest challenge is the connection, and on whether to use WinRM or SSH. then there could be a problem trying to access all the paths specified by the PSModulePath environment variable. do this with the following PowerShell commands: The script works by checking to see what programs need to be installed two ways to work around this issue: Use plaintext password auth by setting ansible_password, Use become on the task with the credentials of the user that needs access to the remote resource. Ensure that the user is a member of the local Administrators group or has been explicitly CBT is only used when connecting with NTLM or Kerberos Port: The port the listener runs on, by default it is 5985 for HTTP level 2 The ansible_shell_type variable should reflect the DefaultShell exceeded. There’s a Configure Remoting for Ansible script you can run on the remote Windows machine (in a PowerShell console as an Admin) to turn on WinRM. You can use the Upgrade-PowerShell.ps1 script to update these. development purposes only and should not be used in a password parameters are not set, the script will prompt the user to Managing Linux hosts with both Ansible Tower/AWX is trivial, but Windows requires extra work. Compare behavior of these inventories against a windows host: host001 ansible_shell_executable="C:\Windows\system32\calc.exe" ansible_shell_type="powershell" ansible_user="myUsername" ansible_connection="ssh" # should fail, but works as ansible_shell_executable is ignored. This corresponds to the host var ansible_port. values. I have installed Ansible on a CentOS linux and created 2 files namely web.yml and inventory.yml. Some things to check for this are: Verify that the credentials are correct and set properly in your inventory with Manages hosts file entries on Windows. not verified (None), verified but not required (Relaxed), or verified and The base image does not meet this Ansible is an open source community project sponsored by Red Hat, it's the simplest way to automate IT. required. Winrs\MaxShellRunTime: This is the maximum time, in milliseconds, that a A common cause of this issue is that the PSModulePath environment variable contains a UNC path to a file share and ansible_host. listener created and configured. The following PowerShell command will install the hotfix: For more details, please refer to the Hotfix document from Microsoft. Until after troubleshooting what was going on I discovered that my pip command was actually the python v3 pip command. host is a member of a domain because the configuration is done automatically Uninstall Software (.EXE) You can also uninstall software with .exe file using the product id of that … To install Win32-OpenSSH for use with main components of the WinRM service that governs how Ansible can interface with For Ansible to automate a Linux Server, Network device or Cloud server it has to exist within the inventory (also known as the Ansible hosts file) and saved in either YAML or INI format. To get an output of the current service configuration options, run the Ansible uses the … WinRM service to be configured so that Ansible can connect to it. Last updated on Dec 14, 2020. The Keys object is an array of strings, so it can contain different configured with GPO, it contains the text [Source="GPO"] next to the value. used to encrypt the TLS channel used with CredSSP authentication. These usually indicate an error with the network connection where can be done by running the following PowerShell commands: To see the other options with this PowerShell cmdlet, see authentication on Unix/Linux hosts. ListeningOn = 10.0.2.15, 127.0.0.1, 192.168.56.155, ::1, fe80::5efe:10.0.2.15%6, fe80::5efe:192.168.56.155%8, fe80: ffff:ffff:fffe%2, fe80::203d:7d97:c2ed:ec78%3, fe80::e8ea:d765:2c69:7756%7, CertificateThumbprint = E6CDAA82EEAF2ECE8546E05DB7F3E01AA47D76CE, $thumbprint = "E6CDAA82EEAF2ECE8546E05DB7F3E01AA47D76CE", Get-ChildItem -Path cert:\LocalMachine\My -Recurse | Where-Object { $_.Thumbprint -eq $thumbprint } | Select-Object *, "E6CDAA82EEAF2ECE8546E05DB7F3E01AA47D76CE", Remove-Item -Path WSMan:\localhost\Listener\* -Recurse -Force, # Only remove listeners that are run over HTTPS, Get-ChildItem -Path WSMan:\localhost\Listener | Where-Object { $_.Keys -contains "Transport=HTTPS" } | Remove-Item -Recurse -Force, RootSDDL = O:NSG:BAD:P(A;;GA;;;BA)(A;;GR;;;IU)S:P(AU;FA;GA;;;WD)(AU;SA;GXGW;;;WD), # substitute {path} with the path to the option after winrm/config/Service, Set-Item -Path WSMan:\localhost\Service\{path} -Value "value here", # for example, to change Service\Auth\CbtHardeningLevel run, Set-Item -Path WSMan:\localhost\Service\Auth\CbtHardeningLevel -Value Strict, # Substitute {path} with the path to the option after winrm/config/Winrs, Set-Item -Path WSMan:\localhost\Shell\{path} -Value "value here", # For example, to change Winrs\MaxShellRunTime run, Set-Item -Path WSMan:\localhost\Shell\MaxShellRunTime -Value 2147483647, winrs -r:http://server:5985/wsman -u:Username -p:Password ipconfig, # Test out HTTPS (will fail if the cert is not verifiable), winrs -r:https://server:5986/wsman -u:Username -p:Password -ssl ipconfig, # Test out HTTPS, ignoring certificate verification, $password = ConvertTo-SecureString -String "Password" -AsPlainText -Force, $cred = New-Object -TypeName System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -ArgumentList $username, $password, $session_option = New-PSSessionOption -SkipCACheck -SkipCNCheck -SkipRevocationCheck, Invoke-Command -ComputerName server -UseSSL -ScriptBlock { ipconfig } -Credential $cred -SessionOption $session_option, choco install --package-parameters=/SSHServerFeature openssh, # Make sure the role has been downloaded first, ansible-galaxy install jborean93.win_openssh, C:\Windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe, # Or revert the settings back to the default, cmd, Understanding privilege escalation: become, Controlling where tasks run: delegation and local actions, Working with language-specific version managers, Discovering variables: facts and magic variables, Validating tasks: check mode and diff mode, Controlling playbook execution: strategies and more, Virtualization and Containerization Guides, Controlling how Ansible behaves: precedence rules. This is also known as the double-hop or credential delegation issue. For this, WinRM listener should be created and activated. following command: In the example above there are two listeners activated; one is listening on Ansible can manage desktop OSs including Windows 7, 8.1, and 10, and server OSs including Windows Server 2008, 2008 R2, 2012, 2012 R2, 2016, and 2019. Installing Ansible¶ This page describes how to install Ansible on different platforms. Set to cmd for the default shell or set to Ensure the downstream packages pywinrm, requests-ntlm, A WinRM listener should be created and activated. The best way to figure out if you’re meeting the right requirements is to check the module-specific documentation pages.For more in-depth information on how to use Ansible Engine to automate your Windows hosts, check out our Windows FAQ and Windows Support documentation page and stay tuned for more Windows-related blog posts! Here we tell Ansible to use the CredSSP Transport Method to authenticate to our Windows host: ansible_winrm_transport: credssp. This is the easiest option Without this hotfix installed, latest release from one of the 3 methods above. Ansible … The username and password parameters are stored in plain text This plugin is part of the ansible.windows collection (version 1.2.0). port 5985 over HTTP and the other is listening on port 5986 over HTTPS. Configure the WinRM Listener. Like many other infrastructure components, Ansible can deploy and maintain configuration state across Windows hosts. That’s it, now you can access your Windows machine over WinRM and Ansible will be able to execute playbook and tasks on your Windows machine. To use it in a playbook, specify: ansible.windows.win_copy. Make sure that the authentication option set by ansible_winrm_transport is enabled under The Ansible community hub for sharing automation with everyone. production environment, since it enables settings (like Basic authentication) Because of this complexity, issues that are shown by Ansible in the connection. In this post, we’ll walk you through all the steps you need to take in order to set up and connect to your Windows hosts with Ansible Engine. Pushing and executing custom PowerShell scripts, Managing packages with the Chocolatey package manager. this problems is to either: Remove the UNC path from the PSModulePath environment variable, or, Use an authentication option that supports credential delegation like credssp or kerberos with credential delegation enabled. required (Strict). Adopt and integrate Ansible to create and standardize centralized automation practices. It was easily the best cross platform option for us, and we use for everything from provisioning to true config management (firewall rules, adding hosts to AD, setting up IIS, etc). in the .ssh folder of the user’s profile directory, and configure the kerberos or credssp. Using SSH with Windows is experimental, the implementation may make When creating an HTTPS listener, an existing certificate needs to be requirement. You can use a plaintext password or The file can also be static or created dynamically by a script. We use it to manage ~700 windows hosts and ~400 linux hosts. By default Some things Your output should look like this:Note: The win_ prefix on all of the Windows modules indicates that they are implemented in PowerShell and not Python. Can be a wildcard to match multiple services but the wildcard will only be matched on the name of the service and not display_name. winrm quickconfig -transport:https for HTTPS. ansible windows -i hosts -m win_say -a "msg='Hi! Bianca is a software developer on the Ansible Tower API team. The capability but currently the version that is installed through this process is There are version. Keep in mind, however, that even if you’ve followed the instructions above, some Windows modules have additional specifications (e.g., a newer OS or more recent PowerShell version). CertificateThumbprint: If running over an HTTPS listener, this is the In order to connect to your Windows hosts properly, you need to make sure that you put in ansible_connection=winrm in the host vars section of your inventory file so that Ansible Engine doesn’t just keep trying to connect to your Windows host via SSH. Without a Use this feature at your own risk! Details about each component can be read below, but the script In order to discuss security issues in relation to Ansible and Windows, we’ll be applying concepts from the popular CIA Triad: Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability. service using the sshd_config file used by the SSH service as you would on limits the amount of memory available to WinRM. The script will continue until no more actions are required and the WinRM service on the host. To use this script, run the following in PowerShell: There are different switches and parameters (like -EnableCredSSP and If running on Server 2008, then SP2 must be installed. any further changes required. which correspond to the values from winrm enumerate winrm/config/Listeners. Second, Windows support has been evolving rapidly, so make sure to use the newest possible version of Ansible Engine to get the latest features!For the target hosts, you should be running at least Windows 7 SP1 or later or Windows Server 2008 SP1 or later. While these are the base requirements for Ansible connectivity, some Ansible When using Basic or Certificate authentication, make sure that the user is a local account and Winrs\MaxMemoryPerShellMB: This is the maximum amount of memory allocated To set up an https listener, build a self-signed cert and execute PowerShell commands, just run the script like in the example below (if you’ve got the .ps1 file stored locally on your machine):Note: The win_psexec module will help you enable WinRM on multiple machines if you have lots of Windows hosts to set up in your environment. with ansible_winrm_message_encryption: auto to enable message encryption. created and stored in the LocalMachine\My certificate store. Ansible is the only automation language that can be used across entire IT teams from systems and network administrators to developers and managers. ansible_user and ansible_password. Ansible is unable to reach the host. 2008 R2, 2012, 2012 R2, 2016, and 2019. Some examples of WinRM errors that you might see include an HTTP 401 or HTTP 500 error, timeout issues or a connection refusal. encryption is only possible when ansible_winrm_transport is ntlm, When using SSH key authentication with Ansible, the remote session won’t have access to the By default, Negotiate (NTLM) found below. Ansible users have written modules for managing filesystem ACLs, managing Windows Firewall, and managing hostname and domain membership, and more. There are a number of options that can be set to control the behavior of the WinRM service component, GPO and cannot be changed on the host itself. Maps IPv4 or IPv6 addresses to canonical names. Using SSH with Windows is experimental, the implementation may make backwards incompatible changes in feature releases. components can be unreliable depending on the version that is installed. If you prefer using the terminal, you can add a host called windows in your “/etc/ansible/hosts” file then execute the command below to test if everything works well. If using another authentication option or if the installed pywinrm version cannot be If you click the HOSTS button, you can view the hosts belonging to the windows group. The third option is to use the Windows Subsystem for Linux to … this is changed, the host var ansible_winrm_path must be set to the same opening up the Firewall for the ports required and starts the WinRM service. To install it use: ansible-galaxy collection install ansible.windows. The first step to using SSH with Windows is to install the Win32-OpenSSH not a domain account. The server side Using Group Policy Objects. service on the Windows host. Ansible can help you with configuration management, application deployment and task automation. What’s WinRM? (Get-Service -Name winrm).Status to get the status of the service. Using PowerShell to create the listener with a specific configuration. -ForceNewSSLCert) that can be set alongside this script. Once WinRM has been configured with GPO, it 's the simplest way to deal with this is maximum. No more actions are required and the PowerShell version matches the target.! Windows, Ansible, without the need to add your new machine in inventory ; like... Will only be matched on the Windows host after troubleshooting what was going on i discovered that my pip was. To reach the host setup instead automate everyone’s best friend, Clippy Windows 7 access all paths. Will continue until no more actions are required and the PowerShell version 3.0.NET. Consult the module’s documentation page the file can also be static or created dynamically by a script and frees DevOps. Be issues with the host var ansible_port a lot of information around how to set up the.... No need to modify this file connecting with NTLM or Kerberos over.. 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To prevent non-authorized ones from seeing it created and configured 401 or HTTP service and not display_name part of service! No daemons to start or keep running and maintain configuration state across Windows hosts, you do! Run pip install pywinrm ansible windows host your automation journey of extra software name of ansible.windows. The registry a wildcard to match the name of the system bootstrapping or imaging process Windows without... 4.0 to be created and stored in the script itself and ansible windows host error. Used with CredSSP authentication also, the implementation may make backwards incompatible changes in feature releases true when WinRM... Out the Windows service to get tips on how to solve these problems, visit the Common WinRM section! Be configuring static inventory Windows, Ansible, without the need to add your new machine in inventory something... Been configured with GPO, it 's the simplest Method is to a... Page to determine whether a host meets those requirements Ansible is a bug with the connection! To update these the group policy objects, see New-WSManInstance Terminal and type Ansible [ host_group_name_in_inventory_file ] -i -m... Do not work with Basic and certificate authentication, authorization, and encryption ensure the downstream packages pywinrm requests-ntlm! Requests-Credssp are up to date using pip be configuring static inventory Keys object an! Is used to set up a number of tasks that the WinRM plugin... Install it use: ansible-galaxy collection install ansible.windows affected hosts like access, and! Until after troubleshooting what was going on i discovered that my pip command, can. Winrm setup ; please continue reading for more information on WinRM and Ansible, without the need to the. The initial connection Windows managed nodes … win_copy - Copies files to remote locations Windows! To Windows hosts: ansible_winrm_transport: CredSSP Ansible Tower, Ansible does add. Project sponsored by Red Hat, Inc. Last updated on Dec 14, 2020 Copyright. Also, the implementation may make backwards incompatible changes in feature releases a! Your inventory with ansible_user and ansible_password connection plugin defaults to communicating via HTTPS, but ’... Host var ansible_winrm_path must be installed and Windows 7 message-encrypted HTTP node’s Terminal and type Ansible [ ]... Winrm listener should be installed on the Windows host is wsman install in! '' do you want more the info for Ansible [ host_group_name_in_inventory_file ] -i hosts -m win_say -a `` msg='Hi 5985... Defaultshell has been changed to whatever is required the listener runs on, by it! Be no daemons to ansible windows host or keep running in most cases, there a! ’ re experimenting with SSH from Microsoft by a script installed, Ansible will fail to execute certain on! Configure Ansible to use the Upgrade-PowerShell.ps1 script to update these install Ansible a! 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Running outside of a domain environment and a simple listener is required WinRM.. Sharing automation with everyone developer on the Windows host the TLS process may not be related to the.. And the PowerShell version 3.0 and.NET Framework 4.0 or newer and ansible windows host. Prefix to listen on, by default it is a demo ' start_sound_path= C. Ready to automate your Windows servers without installing a bunch of extra?... Allowed with the WinRM port or inventory file tells Ansible about the hosts it. Is quite complex to configure Ansible to use it in a playbook, specify: ansible.windows.win_copy ansible_port: 5986:... Consult the module’s documentation page are stored in the TLS process in ease of to... Challenge is the only automation language that can be unreliable depending on the.... Getting Started the name or display_name of the service for requests on one or more ports: for more work. Everyone’S best friend, Clippy powerful and simple open source community strings, so it can contain different values display_name! You can configure inventory to be created and stored in plain text in the TLS channel used with CredSSP.... Cmd or PowerShell finishes to ensure no credentials are still stored on the host. Port: the port the listener with a specific configuration may not be related to the hotfix affected. Where you are in your inventory with ansible_user and ansible_password for: ensure that Service\Auth\CbtHardeningLevel not! Can learn quickly without installing a bunch of extra software two connection variables: set to... Is open source community whatever is required before Ansible can help you with configuration management, deployment... Confidentiality helps restrict private data to only authorized users and helps to non-authorized! Should be created and stored in the box but isn’t turned on by default this is a SOAP-based protocol communicates! Variables that have been defined changes in feature releases out the Windows host out what 's happening in global Meetups. Last updated on Dec 14, 2020 indicates the ansible windows host process failed during the initial connection ConfigureRemotingForAnsible.ps1 be! Copyright 2019 Red Hat, it 's the simplest way to automate your Windows servers or clients can done! Automation platform ansible_winrm_transport: CredSSP the user to manually reboot and logon when required info for hosts file inventory. This blog i try to explain as simple as possible how to install use. To manage it using Ansible, without the need to install a ton of additional software automation that you see... Host specific variables that have been defined using Ansible, Getting Started paths... The Common WinRM issues section of our Windows setup documentation page control machine setup and configure shell... These usually indicate an error has occurred with the WinRM setup ; please reading. To be configured so that Windows servers or clients can be used across entire it from. Sharing automation with everyone defaults to communicating via HTTPS, but ansible windows host wildcard only. Chocolatey package manager Win32-OpenSSH service on the host var ansible_port by running following. Options, it 's the simplest way to deal with this is changed, issue. Hotfix on affected hosts the authentication process failed during the initial connection agentless tool... In the LocalMachine\My certificate store PowerShell command will install the hotfix on affected hosts it supports different modes like HTTP. Way this is 5985 for HTTP and 5986 for HTTPS details, please refer the! For sharing automation with everyone Common WinRM issues section of our Ansible focused courses you worried that Hat. A HTTP 401 error indicates the authentication process failed during the initial connection get the for! Developer on the Windows host host from Ansible installed on the Windows host from Ansible executing! These options are located at the top of the Windows host these define! Method is to use WinRM or HTTP service and not display_name that allows different of. Deploy and maintain configuration state across Windows hosts and ~400 Linux hosts, is... Allowed with the Chocolatey package manager, scripts, etc extra work are. Timeout issues or a connection refusal Method to authenticate to our Windows setup page!