How a girl's fairy house sparked a magical friendship. The author praises the Queen for secular and religious wisdom and lists her besides Christian and Hebrew prophetesses as first on a list of dignified female pagans. [1] According to the scholar Al-Hamdani, the Queen of Sheba was the daughter of Ilsharah Yahdib, the Himyarite king of Najran. According to a 14th century Ethiopian tome, the Kebra Nagast (the Glory of Kings), the Queen of Sheba was an ancient Ethiopian queen by the name of Makeda. Examples of Venetian art are by Tintoretto (Prado) and Veronese (Pinacotheca, Turin). - Perhaps it would be better to translate, A queen of the south, and the men of this race, shall rise up in judgment, etc. The Queen of Sheba is a figure first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. In Jewish legend, the Queen of Sheba was the Queen of Egypt and Ethiopia. Axum only existed as a politi… In the biblical account of the reign of King Solomon, she visited his court at the head of a camel caravan bearing gold, jewels, and spices. [48] However, a man with knowledge of the Scripture instead has her throne moved to King Solomon's palace in the blink of an eye, at which King Solomon exclaims his gratitude towards God as King Solomon assumes this is God's test to see if King Solomon is grateful or ungrateful. 56b). King Solomon then explains that Allah is the only god that she should worship, not to be included alongside other false gods that she used to worship. On the other hand, Sheba enthroned represented the coronation of the virgin. They also assert that a medieval system of walls and ditches, known as the Eredo and built sometime around the 10th century, was dedicated to her. She traveled to Jerusalem to visit Solomon. There is agreement among scholars that Sheba refers to the South Arabian kingdom of Saba, which is located in present-day Yemen. Ashkenazi incantations commonly depict the Queen of Sheba as a seductive dancer. [39] This is explained to mean that she was a woman who was not in her position because of being married to the king, but through her own merit. According to others, the sin ascribed to Solomon in I Kings 11:7 et seq. This, too, distinguishes Ethiopian art about Solomon and the Queen of Sheba from its Middle Eastern and European counterparts. A Jewish and Arab myth maintains that the Queen was actually a jinn, half human and half demon. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Ancient History in depth: The Queen Of Sheba", "BBC - History - Ancient History in depth: The Queen Of Sheba", "Al-Qur'an al-Kareem - القرآن الكريم", "Archaeologists find clues to Queen of Sheba in Nigeria, Find May Rival Egypts's Pyramids", The Warburg Institute Iconographic Database, "Web Gallery of Art, searchable fine arts image database", "The Arabic Constituents of Africanité: Senghor and the Queen of Sheba", ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim, Current Ummah of Islam (Ummah of Muhammad), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Queen_of_Sheba&oldid=994834224, Articles containing Koinē Greek-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Instances of Lang-el using second unnamed parameter, Articles with trivia sections from May 2017, Articles needing additional references from May 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Makeda" (1998), French R&B by Chadian duo, Bulletin of American Schools of Oriental Research 143 (1956) 6–10; 145 (1957) 25–30; 151 (1958) 9–16, Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo, Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr). 1.The Queen of Sheba is not from Ethiopia she is from Ophir (I Kings 10:1-13),Sheba was the brother of Ophir (Genesis 10:27-29). [54] According to E. Ullendorff, the Quran and its commentators have preserved the earliest literary reflection of her complete legend, which among scholars complements the narrative that is derived from a Jewish tradition,[1] this assuming to be the Targum Sheni. 211 et seq.). Genetic research suggests Ethiopians mixed with Egyptian, Israeli or Syrian populations about 3,000 years ago. This tale has undergone extensive Jewish, Islamic and Ethiopian elaborations, and has become the subject of one of the most widespread and fertile cycles of legends in the Orient. [49] King Solomon disguises her throne to test her awareness of her own throne, asking her if it seems familiar. I found [there] a woman ruling them, and she has been given of all things, and she has a great throne. In an African version of the story, the Queen of Sheba is an Ethiopian ruler named Makeda. [61], Boccaccio's On Famous Women (Latin: De Mulieribus Claris) follows Josephus in calling the Queen of Sheba Nicaula. 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