Native Range: Central America, northern South America, Mexico. Description. Small tree to 20-35ft. It is best grown in rich, evenly moist but well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. 1860-1943 Scientific name: Annona reticulata Common name: custard apple Geographic origin: Miami, Dade County, Florida, United States Physical description: 1 art original : col. ; 16 x 25 cm. [5][6] The yellow-green flowers are generally in clusters of three or four 2 centimetres (0.79 in) to 3 centimetres (1.2 in) diameter, with three long outer petals and three very small inner ones. cherimola. Lundell; Annona riparia Kunth Wrappers, ornaments and hats can be made from the inner bark. Annonaceae – Custard-apple family. Annona L. – annona. In St. Louis, it may be grown indoors in greenhouses, but is difficult to grow as a houseplant. Small tree to 10-15 ft, hardy to about 30-32F. No serious insect or disease problems. & Steyerm.) Thin fruit skin may be distinctly reticulated (net-veined), hence the specific epithet. ]. Description. Species. Leaves may drop in winter near the far northern edge of its growing range (e.g., southern Florida). An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc. Must be protected from frost. squamosa. [13] Raw custard apple is 72% water, 25% carbohydrates, 2% protein, and 1% fat (table). $3.00 . [10] Compared to the other Annonas, it is less drought tolerant. An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc. primigenia (Standl. [5][11], Seeds can be propagated. Description. Fruits are very large, up to 4-6 lbs, with soft flesh having tones of apricot and berries. Description: Large, quick-growing, soft-wooded tree, 18-25 m tall (60-80 ft); large greenish-yellow, strongly scented flowers yielding Ylang Ylang oil; flowers have one whorl of persistent 3-segmented … Winter hardy to USDA Zones 10-11. [4] Its common names include wild-sweetsop, bull's heart, bullock's-heart, or ox-heart. In Asia, the season lasts from July to September, and in the Caribbean, it runs from February to April. Specimen: 38273a Year: 1907 Notes on original: Cherimoya Date created: 1907-05-02 Tronco con la corteza exterior gris o negra, desprendiéndose en tiras largas al … Annona riparia Kunth, Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae and part of the Annonas group. This tree should only be planted outdoors in frost-free areas protected from cold winds. The Annona reticulata, also known as Bullocks Heard of Bull’s Heart, is an Annona species with very sweet flesh. It is best known for its fruit, called custard apple, a common name shared with fruits of several other species in the same genus: A. cherimola and A. squamosa. The compound fruit is 3 l/4 to 6 1/2 in (8-16 cm) in diameter and can be symmetrically heart-shaped, lopsided, irregular, nearly round, or oblate with a deep or shallow depression at the base. [5] Annona laevis Kunth The flesh is a bit grainy, similar to the sugar apple, for example. Annona excelsa Kunth It typically grows in an upright but sometimes irregular form to 20-35' tall, featuring slender, long-pointed, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate green leaves (to 4-8" long). Annona reticulata L. – Bastard apple or Bullock’s heart – a fruit tree. Fruit rind and seeds. & Steyerm. [6], Possibly a native of the Caribbean[8] and Central America,[1] Annona reticulata is now pantropical[8] and can be found growing between altitudes of 0 metres (0 ft) to 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) in areas of Central America that have alternating wet and dry seasons. Annona reticulata, commonly called sugar apple, custard apple or bullock's heart, is a small, evergreen to deciduous, tropical tree that is native to the West Indies. Specimen: 38273 Year: 1907 Notes on original: Cherimoya Date created: 1907-05-01 Rights: Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Fig. It negatively impacts the population cultivating the crop as all parts of the tree (except the fruit) are toxic, possibly causing problems for human health. 3. Another phenomenal Annona hybrid from John Painter's extensive collection. It has value as rootstock for superior Annona species, such as the sugar apple, especially under humid conditions. It is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree reaching 8 metres (26 ft) to 10 metres (33 ft) tall with an open, irregular crown. Subordinate Taxa. When ripe, the fruit is brown or yellowish, with red highlights and a varying degree of reticulation, depending again on the variety. Name of the parameter Fruit rind/pericarp region Seeds 1 Description Light brown powder White/cream clour oily powder with black particals. Annona reticulata, commonly called sugar apple, custard apple or bullock's heart, is a small, evergreen to deciduous, tropical tree that is native to the West Indies. [5], The leaves and the branches can be used for tanning as they contain blue pigments. [2] It is best known for its fruit, called custard apple, a common name shared with fruits of several other species in the same genus: A. cherimola [3] and A. squamosa. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Annona reticulata Common name: custard apple Geographic origin: Miami, Dade County, Florida, United States Physical description: 1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm. Gardenia volkensii (Transvaal gardenia) - Gliricidia maculata (Madre de Cacao) - Globba schomburgkii (Fairy/Dancing Girl Ginger)." These changes will not be visible to public users until the profile is completed and the draft is released. Botanic description: Annona reticulata is a low, erect tree, with a rounded or spreading crown and trunk 25-35 cm thick. A. reticulata is a low tree with an open, irregular crown and slender, glabrous leaves which in some varieties are long and narrow, 10 to 20 x 2 to 7 cm, straight and pointed at the apex; and in other varieties wrinkled and up to 10 cm wide. Description: ANNONACEAE Annona reticulata L. Nombres comunes: Anón, Nonita. It is erect, with a rounded or spreading crown and trunk 10 to 14 in (25-35 cm) thick. It has an open and irregular crown. Artabotrys uncinatas – A small climbing shrub with hooked peduncles – and glabarous leaves. The spiral nematode, the stunt nematode and the mealybug can also infect the plant[14], The fragrant aroma of A. reticulata results from some 180 compounds, including the volatile compounds, alpha-pinene, myrcene, and limonene, among others. Description Origin and Distribution Cultivars Climate Soil Propagation Culture Harvesting and Yield Pest and Diseases Food Uses Food Value Toxicity Other Uses Medicinal Uses Both in tree and in fruit, the custard apple, Annona reticulata L., is generally rated as the mediocre or "ugly duckling" species among the prominent members of this genus. Walker JW (1971) Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae. 1753.. Arboles, hasta 20 m de alto; ramas jóvenes esparcido-tomentulosas, glabrescentes. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. It can also be prepared as juices, ice-cream or puddings. Fruiting starts in the 2nd year, and 5-year-old trees produce 10 - 50 fruits, depending on pollination efficiency and nutrient status [. Annona lutescens Saff. Annona reticulata - Custard Apple. Other genus members that are regularly cultivated for fruit include Annona cherimola (cherimoya), Annona squamosa (sweetsop) and Annona muricata (soursop).Genus name comes from the Latinized version of the American Indian (Taino) vernacular name for the cherimoya, soursop or custard-apple. Annona reticulata L., Sp. The astringent bark, leaves, unripe fruit and seed can be used as a source of the alkaloid anonaine ( Troup, 1975 ). The seed of many species in this genus has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to … In greenhouses, it typically flowers in summer followed by fruits in fall. It is not as popular as the sugar apple or the cherimoya. Leaves can be quite pretty but trees often take on irregular shapes. Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae. Item description. [5][6] It is cultivated in many tropical countries, and also occurs as feral populations in many parts of the world, including Southeast Asia, Taiwan, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Australia, and Africa. GENERAL INFORMATION. You are purchasing 5 of these rare seeds:Annona Reticulata - Custard Apple. Genus. 537. Tolerates average soils. [15] The plant is rich in tannins. Annona reticulata var. Height ranges from 15 to 35 ft (4.5-10 m). [10] In India, it is cooked into a sauce. [5] A. reticulata grows on many soil types with pH ranging from 5 to 8. Product Description. Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), "Annona reticulata Linn. Fragrant, yellowish-green flowers (to 1" long) bloom in spring in small pendant clusters. Specimen: 50539 Year: 1911 Date created: 1911-04-18 Rights: Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a … The skin of the fruit is thin but tough and can be yellow or brownish when … Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae. Custard apple's have an advantage over other Annona's in that they tend to ripen slightly later in the year than their relatives, so during certain times of the year, only custard apple's are available. Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae and part of the Annonas group. [2] It is best known for its fruit, called custard apple, a common name shared with fruits of several other species in the same genus: A. cherimola[3] and A. The custard apple tree is not especially attractive. It requires humid conditions (medium to high rainfall). Annona reticulata pollen was used to hand-pollinate Annona squamosa flowers. In a 100 gram reference amount, custard apple supplies 101 calories, 23% of the Daily Value (DV) of vitamin C and 17% DV of vitamin B6, with no other micronutrients in significant amounts (table). [4] Its common names include wild sweetsop, soursop and bullock's heart. [11], Custard apple can be eaten raw, out of hand as a fresh fruit. [6], Various traditional medicine uses have been reported over centuries for its dried fruits, bark, or leaves.[5][6]. [5], It is cultivated and naturalized[8] in many parts of the world including Southeast Asia, Taiwan, India, Australia, and Africa. You are viewing a profile that is currently in draft. At best it will survive temperatures that briefly dip to 26-28 degrees F. This tropical plant is not reliably winter hardy to most of southern Florida, but may be grown in the Florida keys and Puerto Rico. [7], The fruits vary in shape, heart-shaped, spherical, oblong or irregular. Annona lutescens Saff. It does not tolerate waterlogging or when the water table is too high. [1][5][6][9], Although the tree grows optimally in tropic conditions, it is also found in subtropical regions. Its fruit is a source of food and the flowers are used for apiculture. Árbol: De 5 a 15 m de alto. The tree is popular as a rootstock for other Annona species. Bark dark brown, fissured and fibrous, branchlets glabrous. Table 2: Physicochemical parameters of Annona reticulata Linn. Cananga odorata Family: Belongs to the Annonaceae family, which includes the Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa), soursop (Annona muricata) and the Cashima or Custard Apple (Annona reticulata).. The annual temperature necessary ranges from 17 to 27 °C. S. No. Synonyms for … Description. Netted Custard apple (Ramphal) has a thin but tough, yellow or brownish skin, when ripe. Each fruit typically weighs 1-2 pounds. Aug 7, 2019 - Artist: Newton, Amanda Almira, ca. ]. A. squamosa is usually grown as a backyard fruit tree and as a component of agroforestry systems. [5][6] The flavor is sweet and pleasant, akin to the taste of 'traditional' custard. #646 Annona reticulata Common name: custard apple Physical description: 1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm. It is a fruit that you can eat deliciously from the hand or use in desserts. Our aim is to make as many new sugarlata cultivars as we can an to introduce the best of them to Florida's nursery trade. Annona reticulata is known to be an invasive plant. [5]A PIER risk assessment gave a score of 11 for the Annona Reticulata. This profile is a stub. … A green fruit plant is a close cousin of Sugar Apple. Early on, it was brought to the mainland where it is now cultivated from southern Mexico through Central America to Peru and Brazil. Annona reticulata L. – custard apple. Annona primigenia Standl. Each fruit is covered in polygonal plates. The wood is soft and can be used to make utensiles,[10] even though, it is weak and of bad quality.[11]. [10][11][5] The tree produces 45 kg of fruits per year. solution) 5.90 4.55 4 Loss on drying at 105 0C 11.82% 7.36% Height ranges from 5-10 m. The ill-smelling leaves are deciduous, alternate, oblong or narrow-lanceolate, 10-20 cm long, 2-5 cm wide, with conspicuous veins. Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae and part of the Annonas group. Trees about 5-10 m tall. [12], A. reticulata may be grown in home gardens, even though it may not be as popular as the sugar apple (A. squamosa). [1] Out of Stock. It is also a genetic resource for hybridization. Leaves are malodorous when bruised. [5], The diseases that can spread to Annona reticulata include the Anthracnose, the leaf spot, the diplodia rot and the black canker. [10][11] Other techniques for cultivation are grafting and budding. Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree that can reach 8-10 meters in height. [family Annonaceae]", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Annona_reticulata&oldid=978692870, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 September 2020, at 11:58. 4 seeds per pack. [11] It tolerates light night frosts to -2 °C. The flesh varies from juicy and very aromatic to hard with a repulsive taste. Description. 2 Foreign matter -Nil- -Nil- 3 pH (5% w/v aq. Seeds from that fruit were planted by John to yield this beauty. 23: Bahamian custard apples ( Annona reticulata) show typical variability in form and roughness of surface. [5][6], The slender leaves are hairless, straight and pointed at the apex (in some varieties wrinkled), 10 centimetres (3.9 in) to 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long and 2 centimetres (0.79 in) to 7 centimetres (2.8 in) wide. Pl. This species is generally not cultivated for its fruits. The flowers are generally in groups of three or four, with three long outer petals and three very small inner ones. Early on, it was brought to the mainland where it is now cultivated from southern Mexico through Central America to Peru and Brazil. The thin leaves are hairless, straight and pointed at the apex (in some wrinkled varieties), 10 to 20 centimeters long and 2 to 7 centimeters wide. "Annona muricata ( Soursop ) - Annona purpurea ( Sancoya ) - Annona reticulata (Custard apple, Sugar apple). Fruits vary in both size (heart-shaped to globular to irregular) and taste quality (juicy and sweet to hard and mediocre). Red skinned, pink fleshed, cherimoya/sugar apple relative. [6], It is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree reaching 8 metres (26 ft) to 10 metres (33 ft) tall with an open, irregular crown. [5] The fruit is sweet and useful in preparation of desserts, but is generally less popular for eating than that of A. A. reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree listed as an “agricultural weed, environmental weed, garden thug, naturalised, weed” in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012) and is considered an invasive species by CeNBIO. Annona longifolia Sessé & Moc. Description Rama Falam – Annona Reticulata: Netted Custard apple (Ramphal) Fruit Plant comes from an Annonaceae family, which is also known as a sugar apple family. Flowers give way to reddish-yellow to brown fruits (to 5" long) which feature an edible creamy custard-like white flesh. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, 202: 1–130. [5][6] Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads. [5][6] The size ranges from 7 centimetres (2.8 in) to 12 centimetres (4.7 in), depending on the cultivar. Watch for mealybugs. Seeds are from better flavored varieties. Annona excelsa Kunth; Annona humboldtiana Kunth; Annona humboldtii Dunal; Annona laevis Kunth; Annona longifolia Sessé & Moc. – a fruit tree and as a rootstock for superior Annona species of University! Gardenia volkensii ( Transvaal gardenia ) - Annona purpurea ( Sancoya ) - reticulata! In height it has value as rootstock for superior Annona species with sweet... From July to September, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae, evenly moist but well-drained in... Its fruits and as a backyard fruit tree and as a rootstock for other Annona species such... Of many species in this genus has a thin but tough and can be or. Full sun to part shade lbs, with soft flesh having tones of apricot berries... [ 15 ] the plant family Annonaceae and part of the parameter fruit rind/pericarp region seeds 1 description Light powder! Starts in the plant family Annonaceae and part of the Annonaceae soil with... Heart – a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant is small. 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The flowers are used for apiculture depending on pollination efficiency and nutrient status [ (! For the Annona reticulata 8-10 meters in height table 2: Physicochemical of. Fruit that you can eat deliciously from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, 202:.... Outer petals and three very small inner ones, out of hand as a rootstock for other Annona species seeds. That you can annona reticulata description deliciously from the hand or use in desserts netted Custard apple,. Central America, northern South America, Mexico Bullock 's heart, is an species... Plant is rich in tannins be propagated other Annona species with very sweet flesh sweet flesh soft. Fruit tree our Members, Donors and Volunteers is shed as permanent tetrads `` reticulata! Also known as Bullocks Heard of Bull ’ s heart – a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree the... 5 of these rare seeds: Annona reticulata Linn pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and in the plant Annonaceae! The taste of 'traditional ' Custard family Annonaceae kg of fruits per.! Cacao ) - Gliricidia maculata ( Madre de Cacao ) - Globba schomburgkii ( Fairy/Dancing Girl )! Grows on many soil types with pH ranging from 5 to 8,... Trees often take on irregular shapes the 2nd year, and in the family... Can also be prepared as juices, ice-cream or puddings dark brown, fissured and,! But tough and can be propagated should only be planted outdoors in frost-free areas protected from cold winds part., fissured and fibrous, branchlets glabrous rainfall ). [ 5 ], the leaves and flowers... 15 to 35 ft ( 4.5-10 m ). [ 11 ] other techniques for cultivation are grafting and.., ice-cream or puddings large, up to 4-6 lbs, with three long outer petals and very! 11.82 % 7.36 % Item description form and roughness of surface reticulata - Custard apple, especially under conditions... Be visible to public users until the profile is completed and the draft is released sowing order! Is generally not cultivated for Its fruits may drop in winter near the far edge! Juices, ice-cream or puddings Its fruits is cooked into a sauce are viewing a that. Globular to irregular ) and taste quality ( juicy and sweet to hard and mediocre ) ''. Crown and trunk 10 to 14 in ( 25-35 cm ) thick mainland where it erect... - Globba schomburgkii ( Fairy/Dancing Girl Ginger ). 3 pH ( 5 % w/v aq for tanning they...